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D that volatile solvents such as benzene, a main constituent of gasoline fuel, seems to interact with the synthesis and catabolism of catecholamines and serotonin in the brain, which might explain the neurotoxic effects of these solvents [53]. In this regard, deficiencies of serotonin or other monoamine neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine are linked with depression [54,55]. In re
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Terbalance the tendency of two other major neurotransmitters in the brain dopamine and noradrenaline to encourage overarousal, fear, anger, tension, aggression, violence, obsessive-compulsive actions, overeating, anxiety and sleep disturbances [60].Page 8 of(page number not for citation purposes)BMC Physiology 2009, 9:http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6793/9/ConclusionThe present results revealed
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Ial indicate that Na+, K+-ATPase activity and total protein content in the leaded or unleaded gasoline groups were lower than those of the control group. The inhibition of the plasma membrane Na+, K+-ATPase might have been attributed to a direct effect of the solvents and alcohols in the gasoline on the membrane causing dissolving the its bilayers. The most outstanding are toluene (highly lipophyl
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Lusions: Early limited exposure to nitrosamines exacerbates the adverse effects of later chronic high dietary fat intake in promoting T2DM and neurodegeneration. The mechanism involves increased generation of ceramides and probably other toxic lipids in brain.Background The prevalence rates of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and metabol
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Fects is clearly warranted. In this regard, guidance may be obtained from what is already known about STZ-induced diseases. STZ, like other N-nitroso compounds, causes cellular injury and disease by functioning as: 1) an alkylating agent and potent mutagen [14]; 2) an inducer of DNA adducts leading to increased apoptosis [23]; 3) a mediator of unscheduled DNA synthesis, triggering cell death [14];
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Lusions: Early limited exposure to nitrosamines exacerbates the adverse effects of later chronic high dietary fat intake in promoting T2DM and neurodegeneration. The mechanism involves increased generation of ceramides and probably other toxic lipids in brain.Background The prevalence rates of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and metabol
1
Lusions: Early limited exposure to nitrosamines exacerbates the adverse effects of later chronic high dietary fat intake in promoting T2DM and neurodegeneration. The mechanism involves increased generation of ceramides and probably other toxic lipids in brain.Background The prevalence rates of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and metabol
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Ed as means ?SD a: significantly different from the control group. b: significantly different from the leaded gasoline. Asterisks indicate the level of significance (* P